Testicular Cancer and the Older Man

Testicular cancer primarily affects young men between the ages of 15 and 35, and although it is less common, it can still affect men aged 50 and older.

Helpful Highlights

  • The incidence of testicular cancer drops dramatically past age 35; however, because the risk of cancer overall increases over the age of 65, testicular cance can still affect older men.

  • The signs and symptoms of testicular cancer can include a painless lump or swelling in the testicle, a feeling of heaviness in the scrotum, pain or discomfort in the testicle or scrotum, and enlargement or tenderness of the breasts (yes, even in men).

  • Family caregivers play a crucial role in supporting older men with testicular cancer and there are important things to know about caring for them.

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Facts and findings

Testicular cancer primarily affects younger men, with the highest incidence typically occurring between the ages of 15 and 35. However, while it's less common, testicular cancer can still affect older men. The risk of developing testicular cancer increases with age, though it remains relatively low compared to younger age groups.

Men of all ages need to be aware of the signs and symptoms of testicular cancer, which include:

  • a painless lump or swelling in the testicle

  • a feeling of heaviness in the scrotum

  • pain or discomfort in the testicle or scrotum

  • enlargement or tenderness of the breasts (yes, even in men).

Early detection and treatment can significantly improve outcomes for individuals with testicular cancer, regardless of age. Therefore, regular self-examination of the testicles and prompt medical attention for any concerning symptoms are essential for men of all ages, including older men.

How can I help?

Educate yourself. Learn as much as you can about testicular cancer, including its causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment options, and potential side effects. Understanding the disease and its treatment can help you provide informed support and assistance to your loved one.

Provide emotional support. A cancer diagnosis can be especially emotionally challenging for older men. Be there to listen, offer encouragement, and provide emotional support throughout the treatment process. Encourage open communication and reassure your loved one that you are there to support them every step of the way.

Assist with medical appointments. Help your loved one schedule and attend medical appointments with their healthcare providers, including consultations, screenings, treatments, and follow-up visits. Take notes during appointments, ask questions, and advocate for your loved one's needs and concerns.

Coordinate care. Coordinate care and communication between healthcare providers, specialists, and other members of the healthcare team involved in your loved one's treatment. Keep track of medications, treatment schedules, and follow-up appointments to ensure continuity of care and adherence to the treatment plan.

Help with daily activities. Older men with testicular cancer may experience physical and emotional challenges that impact their ability to perform daily activities. Offer practical assistance with tasks such as meal preparation, household chores, transportation, personal care, and medication management.

Monitor for side effects. Be vigilant for any side effects or complications that may arise during cancer treatment, such as fatigue, nausea, pain, changes in appetite, or emotional distress. Encourage your loved one to communicate openly with their healthcare providers about any symptoms they experience, and assist them in managing side effects through medication, lifestyle modifications, or other interventions.

Encourage self-care. Encourage your loved one to prioritize self-care and take care of their physical, emotional, and mental well-being during and after cancer treatment. Support them in maintaining healthy lifestyle habits, getting enough rest, managing stress, staying active, and seeking support from healthcare professionals, support groups, or mental health counselors.

Seek support for yourself. Caring for a loved one with cancer can be emotionally and physically demanding. Remember to take care of yourself and seek support from family members, friends, neighbors, community contacts, support groups, or counselors to help you cope with the challenges of caregiving and maintain your own well-being.

By providing compassionate care, support, and assistance to your loved one, you can make a positive difference in their journey towards recovery and improved quality of life.

What should my loved one do?

  • Consult with healthcare providers

  • Discuss treatment options

  • Seek support

  • Follow treatment plan

  • Manage side effects

  • Monitor for recurrence

  • Maintain overall health

By taking these steps and working closely with healthcare providers, your loved one can effectively manage their condition and improve their overall health outcomes.


American Cancer Society (ACS)


Ghazarian, A.A., Rusner, C., Trabert, B., Braunlin, M., McGlynn, K.A., & Stang, A. (2018). Testicular cancer among US men aged 50 years and older. Cancer Epidemiology, 55, 68-72. DOI

Secondino, S., Rosti, G., Tralongo, A.C., Nole, F., Alaimo, D., Carminati, O., Naspro, R.L.J., & Pedrazzoli, P. (2022). Testicular tumors in the "elderly" population. Frontiers in Oncology, 12, 972151. DOI

No content in this app, regardless of date, should ever be used as a substitute for direct medical advice from your doctor or other qualified clinician.

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Elderly man is smiling at his relative caregiver